Hot weather drives 40% increase in store cattle sales
The prolonged period of dry, hot weather is beginning to impact on the livestock market as the effects of lack of forage availability and reduced livestock growth rates start to become evident.
According to Stuart Ashworth, Quality Meat Scotland (QMS) director of economics services, the reduced availability of forage supplies has caused a significant increase in the number of store cattle going through the auction rings in the past week.
“Last week, auction markets reported an increase of 40% in the number of cattle they sold compared with the same week last year,” said Ashworth.
“This higher volume of store cattle being brought forward slightly younger and at lighter weights, is contributing to these animals typically trading £100 per head, or more, lower than this time last year.”
In the prime cattle market, observed Ashworth, there is little evidence to suggest British prime cattle are being marketed earlier.
However, there is evidence to suggest cull cow marketings have increased in the past month.
Looking at the lamb market, with a smaller lamb crop the volume of lambs going through the auction ring although climbing seasonally, is lower than last year.
Additionally, and despite the tightness of forage supplies, the proportion of lambs reaching the auctions that are above the Standard Quality Quotation (SQQ) weight limit of 45kg liveweight is higher than last year as producers seek to maximise income per lamb.
Returns from deadweight price-reporting abattoirs, however, suggest lambs are being drawn slightly leaner.
“The number of lambs grading 2 for fat level has increased to 27% of all lambs from 24% last year while the numbers grading level 3 for fat cover have fallen to 52%, from 57%. The leaner fat level 2 lambs are discounted slightly by the market,” said Ashworth.
“Steaks, burgers and sausages sell well in periods of hot weather while roasting joints and stewing products fall in popularity,” said Ashworth.
“This consumer behaviour pushes towards increased demand for beef products at the expense of lamb.”
Effect on beef and lamb prices
Consequently, he added, despite there being fewer prime lambs available for sale, consumer demand for barbecue products is reducing demand for lamb-based products below the volume currently available, meaning prime sheep market prices are falling.
“In this current week, producers have reacted by presenting fewer lambs to the auction ring and the sale price has steadied,” said Ashworth.
Prime cattle prices, in contrast, have continued to edge higher in recent weeks although the most recent reports suggest that the price has come under some pressure in the past week with the R4L steer price cooling 1.5p/kg dwt.
The increase in cull cow numbers has seen their price come under more pressure, dipping 10p/kg dwt over the past fortnight.
“This is also having some impact on poorer conformation – O grade, prime cattle – which have come under pressure price-wise, particularly in England and Wales,” concluded Ashworth.